Mas-wrestling is a kind of martial arts originally from Yakutia. Its essence lies in pulling the stick by two athletes. Athletes sit in front of each other heel to heel, prop their feet against a wooden board, and pull on a stick. The judge gives the command; the athletes are trying to drag the opponent to each other’s side or to pull the stick out of the hands of the opponent.
The pledge of victory in mas-wrestling is to keep the balance and throw the opponent off balance. To do this, there is movement with the feet along the board of the support (athletes call this run along the board), working with the body and the wrists when they twist the stick horizontally and vertically (according to the rules, athletes are not allowed to twist the stick more than ninety degrees).
It is important that the opponent does not abruptly pull out a stick in the first few seconds. To do this, athletes must possess such qualities as the ability to respond quickly, make decisions quickly, quickly counterattack. The athlete can even throw an opponent to his side, for this there is a technique where an athlete, resting his feet on the board and lifting the center of the body, creates additional leverage. Each fight takes up to two victories and can consist of two or three bouts.
Competitions are held on the platform of 4 x 5 m in size, not more than 0.8 m in height. Requirements for sports equipment, other equipment and a venue for workouts and competition are determined by the rules. All inventory has certificates of conformity. There are approved technical conditions for their production.
Mas-wrestling is a special philosophy of physical and spiritual education of a harmonious personality, an integral part of the rich culture of the Sakha people.
Mas-wrestling comes from the distant past. An important factor in its development was the geographical location and climatic conditions. Life in the Far North, where the winter is very long and the temperature drops to 60 degrees Celsius, and in summer the heat reaches 40 degrees Celsius, is a constant struggle for survival. The Sakha people had to keep fit for survival in this harsh climate. For this, for many generations, a peculiar system of supporting the physical health of the nation was developed, of which mas-wrestling is a part. The Yakuts from time immemorial have been engaged in original physical exercise and constantly arrange various competitions.
From literary sources it is known that every young Yakut had to have certain physical qualities in order to be called a real man bootur. This sport helped develop such qualities as strength, agility, speed, endurance, courage and determination. Simple inventory allowed the Yakuts to engage in this kind of martial arts almost all year round. It does not require a special room - they can train almost anywhere: indoors, in the courtyard, in the meadow.
All Yakut sports celebrities, who won the honorary titles of the best in the world in their sports, went through mas-wrestling, persistently doing it from an early age. Among the Yakuts there is practically no person who at least once in his life would not take part in Mas competitions. In Yakutia, Mas-Wrestling is very popular.
As a sport (Yakut. mas-tardyhyy or stick-pulling) was described as early as the 17th century by the first explorers of Siberia and the Far North. In 1922, Soviet power was established in Yakutia, and in 1923 the Yakutia’s Council on Physical Culture and Sport was created. This Council in 1926 defined the national sports of Yakutia, described and compiled the first rules for these sports. Subsequently, the competition rules were improved repeatedly. In 1959, qualifying standards were developed.
In 1932, the stick-pulling along with other national sports was included in the program of the All-Yakut Spartakiad. And since 1968, it is part of the Games of Manchaary National Sports Games.
Traditions are strong, a solid foundation has been laid, a strong base has been created and the potential for further development is huge. A relatively new form of martial art in a short time has become very popular in Russia and abroad. In 2000, Mas-Wrestling was included in the program of the ‘Children of Asia’ International Sports Games, which are patronized by the International Olympic Committee.
Uniqueness and Advantages of Mas-Wrestling
Though seemingly external simplicity, mas-wrestling helps athletes to develop comprehensively and harmoniously, because all set of muscles are involved during the fight. A systematically engaged mas-wrestler has a pectoral sling that allows him to withstand serious loads of a simple-looking sport.
The Yakut mas-wrestling as a way to test the strength and endurance of a person exists in the world in the singular, since it contains an incredible technique and functionality of the work of all muscles.
The mas-wrestling rules have changed a lot since the last century. Previously, the stick was just pulled, sitting still. Later, enthusiasts began to try to apply different methods, jogging on the board in order to knock the enemy off balance, imposed a time limit on the fight, etc. All this contributed to the rapid growth of the popularity of the revived form, it has become more spectacular and dynamic, and now the competitions and television broadcasts from the competition venue invariably arouse the interest of the widest public.
Mas-wrestling is a democratic sport, since everybody including men, women, children, and veterans can take part in it.
Expensive equipment is not required for mas-wrestling, and specially equipped sports facilities are not required either. In the summer it is possible to organize competitions easily in the open air, and in the winter - in a small space at any place.
Another advantage of mas-wrestling is its injury prevention. Nothing threatens to athletes, who are well warmed up before the fight, except that athletes who are constantly engaged in mas-wrestling, can scratch off corns on their palms.
The starting point for the development of mas-wrestling is considered to be the date of July 16, 2003, when by order of the State Sports Committee of the Russian Federation No. 546, mas-wrestling was included in the All-Russian Register of Sports as a national sport.
On June 27, 2005, the Federal Registration Service of the Ministry of Justice of Russia registered the All-Russian Public Organization “All-Russian Federation of Mas-Wrestling” with the inclusion in the unified state register of legal entities.
Since the establishment of the All-Russian Federation of Mas-Wrestling, eleven national championships have been held. The country's championship in the absolute category and the Russian Mas-wrestling Championship among juniors, juniors and veterans are held annually.
The All-Russian Federation of Mas-Wrestling is a member of the International Federation of Mas-Wrestling, which consists of 38 countries of the world, and occupies a leading position. Our athletes are the strongest in the world. In November 2014 at the World Mas-Wrestling Championship in Yakutsk with the participation of 144 athletes representing 35 countries from 5 continents, Russian athletes won 12 gold medals.
The International Mas-Wrestling Federation constantly implements various projects and programs for the development of this martial art. Among them, special mention should be made of seminars and other educational events. Simultaneously, IMF develops all possible directions for mas-wrestling: for children and youth, men and women, for veterans and people with disabilities, for students and military personnel.
At the international level, various mass wrestling competitions are held under the auspices of the IMF. The most important of them are the World Championship and the World Cup, and in the future there will be a World Championship among juniors and youth.
The international success of mas-wrestling convincingly proves that this type of martial arts has a great future. The development of media interest in mas-wrestling contributes to the popularity of this sport, as well as increasing the audience in competitions.