Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) told about the invention for which its creators were awarded the State Prize of the RS(Y).
On December 23, the head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, signed a decree on awarding the State Prize of the RS(Y). Eco-Energy pilot company consisting of Vadim Akhrimenko, Alexander Salomatov, Vasily Semenov, Igor Solovyov and Andrey Khil won the prestigious award for the development and implementation of a mobile incinerator.
The company made a metal container for various types of waste: food and household waste, plastic, glass, wood, and metal. They are subsequently neutralized under high temperatures. UM series installations on municipal solid and other waste incineration are environmentally safe unlike their foreign counterparts. The novelty of the technology is confirmed by a patent.
The incinerator has been operating in the village of Zhatay since February 2018.
Alexander Salomatov, the incinerator inventor and Academy of Sciences of the RS(Y) research engineer:
“The invention will improve the efficiency of a waste management system and significantly reduce harmful emissions contained in flue gases. The main advantages of the UM1 series installations are their high mobility and the ability to relocate to remote and hard-to-reach places. Installation does not require additional energy: waste burns because of its combustibility and the allocation of the synthesis gas. In addition, waste gas heat allows to produce heat and electricity.”
The incinerator is mobile and carries out two-zone and two-phase combustion. It is intended for the disposal of solid household waste in rural areas of Arctic and Northern districts and performs thermal destruction of unsorted waste.
The incineration process is based on high-temperature, dual-zone, and two-stage combustion, which was recognized as invention in 2017. The UM1 series waste disposal unit was already approved by a state environmental expertise on new equipment and technology for 11 models, including four models of hot water boilers for solid and liquid waste.
Instrumental examination involving independent hygiene and epidemiology organizations specialists showed that the content of harmful components in the air of the working area (carbon monoxide, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxides, formaldehyde, phenol, benzopyrene, dust, suspended solids, etc.) is several times lower than the maximum permissible concentrations (MPC).